Usage of Articles | प्रतियोगी सामान्य अंग्रेजी

Articles are of TWO types. They are

    1. Indefinite article  —-      A / An
    2. Definite article   —-      The
What’s the difference?

If you want to say about ANY item, you should use the articles A / An. If you want to say about a SPECIFIC item, you should use the article THE.

Confused? Lets see an example. Assume that you’ve selected for a Bank Exam. You have a stupid friend like me. So obviously She will ask you a party.
Suppose if She says

  • Lets go to a Restaurant, that means She doesn’t have any specific restaurant in Her mind. So you can give her party in ANY cheap restaurant.  But,
  • If she says Lets go to THE restaurant, that means She has some SPECIFICATIONS. I mean she have a specific restaurant in her mind. So you cant escape 😉
Well, this is the basic difference between A/An and The. There are so many differences and usages of these articles. We shall discuss them later.
Ok, lets discuss about the Indefinite articles first.
Indefinite Articles :
 
A : The indefinite article ‘a’ is used before singular countable nouns that start with a Consonant sound.
An : The indefinite article ‘an” is used before singular countable nouns that start with a Vowel sound.
  • Wow, Nice definitions. No?
  • Have a look at some examples,
A :

  • A Bat
  • A Cat
  • A Rat
  • A Jug
An :
  • An Apple
  • An Egg
  • AN Ink-Bottle
  • An Orange
  • An Umbrella

Great,

  • Now tell me, what should I use before the words European, One-Eyed Beggar, University, Useful Website?
  • Can I say, Guide4BankExams is an Useful site to know about Banking Exams?

NO
why ?
Please Re-Read the definitions. Here we are talking about Vowel and Consonant SOUNDS. Not the Letters. People often confuse with this. They blindly put A before a word, if it starts with a Vowel letter (A, E, I, O, U) and put An before the word which starts with the consonant letter.
Consider the SOUND, not the LETTER.
Confusing?  Lets see a short cut for this.
  • If a word starts with a SWAR (Any of the Indian Language) sound, then we should use An before it.
  • If a word starts with a Vyanjan (An of the Indian Language) sound, then we should use A before it.
Have a look at this picture,

so, now see these examples,

A :
  • A European
  • A One-Eyed beggar
  • A University
  • A Useful Website
An:
  • An hour
  • An Honest Man
  • An honourable person
Thats it.
  • Now lets see some more TRICKY examples in English.
  • Suppose , if you want to say about the Member of Parliament, you can say a Member of Parliament, But if you use shorter form as M.P, Then you should say, He is an M.P
  • Lets see another example, He is an NRI but He is a Non Resident Indian
  • Thats all for now friends, tomorrow we shall discuss about the article THE.
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