Jair Messias Bolsonaro is the current President of Brazil, and the first in the country’s history to have come from a military background. He is a controversial figure, lauded by some for his economic reforms and conservative views, and criticized by others for his outspokenness and authoritarianism. In this article, we will dive into Bolsonaro’s biography, his political career, and his accomplishments and controversies during his presidency.
Who Is Jair Bolsonaro?
Jair Bolsonaro is a Brazilian politician, born in 1955 in Glicério, São Paulo. He is the current President of Brazil, having been elected in 2018. He is the first in Brazil’s history to have come from a military background, having served in the Brazilian Army from 1971 until 1988. He is seen as a controversial figure, with supporters hailing him as a champion of free-market reforms, and critics denouncing him for his right-wing views, authoritarianism, and misogyny.
Early Life of a Political Maverick
Jair Bolsonaro was born into a lower-middle-class family in Glicério, São Paulo. His father was an accountant, while his mother was a housewife. He attended military school in Rio de Janeiro and later graduated from the Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977. He then went on to serve in the Brazilian Army from 1971 to 1988, during which time he attained the rank of Captain. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he began to take an interest in politics, and in 1991, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro, where he served until 2018.
The Road to Power
Jair Bolsonaro moved from the Legislative Assembly to the Brazilian Congress in 1991, where he quickly made a name for himself with his hardline conservative views. He ran for president for the first time in 1989, but lost to Fernando Collor de Mello. He then ran again in 2006, but lost to Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Finally, in 2018 he was able to defeat his competitors, becoming the President of Brazil and the first in the country’s history to have come from a military background.
Jair Bolsonaro’s First Presidential Run
Jair Bolsonaro’s first presidential run was in 1989, when he ran against the then-incumbent, Fernando Collor de Mello. His campaign focused on his conservative views and promised to crack down on corruption and crime. He was unsuccessful, but the campaign gained him a large number of supporters which propelled him to victory in 2018.
Jair Bolsonaro’s campaign for the 2018 presidential election was marked by his staunchly conservative views and promises to crack down on crime. His popularity had been growing steadily since his first presidential run in 1989, but it was not until his victory in 2018 that he made history. He is the first in Brazil’s history to have come from a military background and his election has been seen as a major shift from the left-wing policies of the previous administrations.
Bolsonaro’s Impactful Presidency
Since assuming office in 2018, Jair Bolsonaro has implemented a number of controversial policies. His focus on free-market reforms and conservative views have been praised by some and criticized by others. He has also taken a hardline stance on social issues, including LGBTQ rights and abortion, as well as foreign policy, such as his decision to move Brazil’s embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
Social Issues and Policies
Jair Bolsonaro has taken a hardline stance on social issues. He has come out in opposition to abortion, LGBT rights, and same-sex marriage. He has also implemented policies which critics have argued have disproportionately impacted the poorer and more vulnerable in society, such as his decision to cut $2.4 billion from Brazil’s education budget.
Climate Change and Environmental Policies
Jair Bolsonaro has been vocal in his opposition to climate change and has refused to sign the 2015 Paris Agreement. His policies in this area have been widely criticized, as they have been seen to be a threat to the Amazon rainforest, which is one of the world’s largest carbon sinks. He has also been accused of allowing deforestation and illegal mining in the Amazon, which has had devastating consequences for the environment and the indigenous communities who inhabit the area.
Bolsonaro’s Foreign Policy
Jair Bolsonaro has taken a hardline stance on foreign policy, particularly in relation to Venezuela and Cuba. He has been critical of Venezuela’s leftist government, and has supported opposition leader Juan Guaidó in his bid to oust President Nicolás Maduro. He has also taken a hard stance on Cuba, threatening to cut diplomatic ties with the country if it does not promote democratic reforms.
Bolsonaro’s Response to COVID-19
Jair Bolsonaro has been widely criticized for his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had a devastating impact on Brazil. He has downplayed the severity of the virus and has refused to implement lockdowns or other measures to contain it. He has also been criticized for his stance on vaccines, which he has dismissed as unnecessary.
A Divisive Legacy
Jair Bolsonaro’s presidency has been marked by controversy and division. He has been praised by some for his free-market reforms and conservative views, while others have criticized his authoritarianism and hardline stance on social issues. His handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as his environmental policies, have also been widely criticized.
Looking Ahead to Bolsonaro’s Future
Jair Bolsonaro is set to continue his presidency until 2022, and it remains uncertain what the future holds for him. He has been a divisive figure, and his legacy will likely be one of controversy and division. It remains to be seen how his policies and views will shape the future of Brazil.
Jair Bolsonaro is a controversial figure, but one whose influence and legacy will be felt for some time to come. His presidency has been marked by division and debate, and his policies and views have had a significant impact on the future of Brazil. His time in office may be coming to an end, but his impact will continue to be felt in the years to come.