The Quit India Movement started on 9 August 1942, hence the day of 9 August is known as ‘August Revolution Day’ in history.
Location August Kranti Maidan
Key Person Mahatma Gandhi, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Jayaprakash Narayan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Other information Indian National Congress on July 4, 1942 AD, to drive the British out of the country. Passed a resolution stating that if the British do not leave India, then widespread civil disobedience against them Move the movement.
August 9 is known as August Revolution Day in the history of India. Despite the support of World War II, when the British were not ready to liberate India, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi announced the final war of independence in the form of the Quit India Movement, which led to panic in the British rule. This movement started on August 9, 1942 AD, hence the day of August 9 is known as August Revolution Day in history. The park in Mumbai started from this movement is now known as August Kranti Maidan. The Indian National Congress passed a resolution on July 4, 1942, to drive the British out of the country, stating that if the British do not leave India, a massive civil disobedience movement should be launched against them.
Differences arose within the party over the proposal and the famous Congress leader Chakravarti Rajagopalachari left the party. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad were initially skeptical about the proposed movement but decided to support it till the end of Mahatma Gandhi’s call. Senior Gandhians and socialists such as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Dr. Rajendra Prasad, even Ashok Mehta and Jayaprakash Narayan openly supported any such movement.
However, Congress did not succeed in bringing all the parties under one flag for the movement. This call was opposed by the Muslim League, Communist Party of India, and Hindu Mahasabha. On 8 August 1942, the resolution of the Quit India Movement was passed in the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee.
The British government was already cautious about passing the resolution of the Quit India Movement, so Gandhiji was incarcerated at Agra Khan Palace in Pune the next day. In Ahmednagar Fort, all Congress Working Committee activists were arrested and locked up. Almost all the leaders were arrested but the young leader Aruna Asaf Ali was not arrested and he hoisted the tricolor at the Gawalia Tank Grounds in Mumbai in 1942 AD and conceded Gandhiji’s Quit India Movement.
Establish an independent government
Although Gandhiji had called for a non-violent movement, the countrymen had a passion to drive away from the British that in many places there were bomb blasts, burnt government buildings, cut off electricity, and also transport and communication services. Was demolished. The strike was done at every place. People uprooted the district administration in many places. The arrested leaders and workers were freed by breaking the prison and established independent rule there. One was breaking the backbone of the British in the Second World War, on the other hand, the Quit India movement was trying to shake their tenon.
According to Malti Malik, a historian and former professor of history at Maharishi Dayanand University, the British were badly shocked by this movement. They shot hundreds of protesters and innocent people and over one lakh people were arrested across the country. Despite this, the movement continued with vigor, but due to the arrests, the entire leadership of the Congress remained cut off from the rest of the world for almost three years.
Gandhiji’s health deteriorated drastically in jail, but still, he went on a 21-day hunger strike to continue his agitation. In 1944, after the health of Gandhiji deteriorated greatly, the British released him. By the beginning of 1944, the British had brought the situation under control, leaving many nationalists extremely disappointed. Gandhiji and the Congress faced criticism from Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Muslim League, the Left, and other opponents.