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Current Affairs: 13 May 2020
1. 177 new mandis of 10 states and union territories linked to e-NAM platform
Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar, connected 177 new mandis with the National Agricultural Market (e-NAM) to strengthen agricultural marketing and facilitate farmers to sell their crop produce through online portals. has announced.
- Among the 177 mandis added were Gujarat (17), Haryana (26), Jammu and Kashmir (1), Kerala (5), Maharashtra (54), Odisha (15), Punjab (17), Rajasthan (25), Tamil Nadu (13) ) And the mandis of West Bengal (1). With this, the total number of National Agricultural Market (e-NAM) mandis across the country has risen to 962.
- Earlier, 785 mandis were clubbed with ENAM in 17 states and 2 union territories, using 1.66 crore farmers, 1.30 lakh traders and 71,911 commission agents.
- Looking at the achievements of e-NAM in its first phase (adding 585 mandis), the government is on the path of expansion by spreading its wings with the addition of 415 additional mandis before May 15, 2020. Where the total number of ENAM mandis is to be increased to more than 1,000 in 18 states and 3 union territories.
- E-National Agriculture Market is an innovative initiative in agricultural marketing that digitally extends the digital reach of farmers to many markets and buyers and brings transparency in business transactions with the intention of improving price, Develops the concept of “one nation-one market” for price and agricultural produce according to quality.
- The portal named e-NAM (eNAM) was launched on 14 April 2016 by the central government. Under this, farmers can sell their produce online from the nearest market and traders can pay the price for their produce from anywhere.
- The National Agricultural Market (E-NAM) is a highly ambitious and successful scheme of the Government of India to eliminate processes of information disparity between buyer and seller and promote real-time price discovery based on real demand and supply processes in integrated market Uniformity in agricultural marketing can be promoted by simplifying
- As a result, there will be an increase in the number of traders, which will also increase competition, so that fair prices can be determined and farmers will get fair prices for their produce.
2. Government extends last date for nomination for Gandhi Peace Prize 2020
The Ministry of Culture invites nominations for the Gandhi Peace Prize every year. Nominations for the Gandhi Peace Prize must conform to the provisions of the Code of Procedure of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
- The last date for receiving nominations for the year 2020 was April 30, 2020. The last date for receiving nomination for Gandhi Peace Prize 2020 has been extended to 15.6.2020 due to the nationwide lockdown due to Kovid-19.
Gandhi Peace Prize
- The Gandhi Peace Prize was established in 1995 on Gandhi’s 125th birthday for social, economic and political transformation through non-violence. The award consists of a sum of one crore rupees and a citation. The Prime Minister of India is the chairman of the jury, which selects the winners.
- This annual award is given at the organizations, institutions, associations or individual level working in the weaker sections of the society to end peace, non-violence and human suffering. All individuals are eligible for this award. In its selection, nationality, language, caste, class, community or gender are not differentiated.
- The first Gandhi Peace Prize was awarded in 1995 to Julius Nairre, the first President of Tanzania. The Gandhi Peace Prize was conferred jointly by the Akshaya Patra Foundation and Sulabh International for 2016, Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari for the year 2015, the Ekal Abhiyan Trust for 2017 and Yohei Sasakawa of Japan for 2018.
- Awards were not given in the years 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012.
3. Completed 5 years of Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
The Atal Pension Yojana (APY), the flagship social security scheme of the Government of India, has completed five years of successful implementation. The scheme was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May 2015 specifically to provide old-age income security to workers in the unorganized sector and guarantee minimum pension after the age of 60 years.
- This scheme is undoubtedly important to meet the challenges of the rapidly growing population of the elderly in India. The journey of APY has been unprecedented in these five years and as of 9 May 2020, a total of 2,23,54,028 names have been registered under the scheme.
- During the first two years of its launch, the names of nearly 50 lakh customers were recorded which doubled to 100 lakhs in the third year and the number reached 1.50 crores in the fourth year. In the last financial year, about 70 lakh subscribers were registered under the scheme.
Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
- Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was launched on 9 May 2015 by Honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. APY can be taken by any Indian citizen aged 18-40 who has a bank account and its exclusivity is due to three distinct benefits.
- Firstly, it provides minimum guaranteed pension ranging from Rs 1000 to Rs 5000 on attaining the age of 60 years, secondly, on the death of the customer, the spouse is guaranteed a lifetime pension amount and finally In the event of death of both the customers and the spouse, the entire amount of pension is paid to the nominee.
- The scheme has been implemented extensively across the country, covering all states and union territories and has a male to female membership ratio of 57:43.
4. Launch of Odisha Central University Helpline “Bharosa”
Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has launched Odisha Central University (CUO) helpline “Bharosa” through a virtual platform in New Delhi.
- The “Bharosa” helpline aims to address the troubles of the student community during the difficult times of the Kovid-19 epidemic. This helpline will provide Cognitive Emotional Rehabilitation Services to students of all the universities of Odisha.
- At this time it is very important to worry about the mental health of the students and the helpline started by Odisha Central University is a big step in this direction.
- Dr. Arun Kumar Sahu Minister of Higher Education Department, Government of Odisha appreciated the efforts of Odisha Central University and hoped that it will help the students to get out of troubles during Kovid-19.
5. Olive Ridley Turtle spotted on Odisha seashore
Recently hundreds of olive ridley turtles have been seen moving from their homes built in the sand towards the sea at the sea confluence site of the Rishikulya River in Ganjam district of Odisha.
- According to the forest department, this year more than 2 lakh 6 thousand olive ridley turtles were laid here. Due to which the Forest Department had asked the common citizens to stay away from the beach, appealing for the safety of turtles.
- Each year, on this beach, spread over four kilometers, millions of Olive Ridley turtles make their shelter for breeding. The Olive Ridley Turtles reach the coast of Odisha after traveling thousands of kilometers from their original habitat.
Olive Ridley Turtle
- Olive Ridley sea turtles are also known as ‘Pacific Olive Ridley sea turtles’. It is a medium-sized species of sea turtles found mainly in the warm waters of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans. They are non-vegetarian.
- In the Red List issued by the IUCN, it is classified as Vulnerable species.
- Olive Ridley turtles travel thousands of kilometers to lay eggs on the Ganjam coast of Odisha, and then the eggs released from these eggs return to their habitat thousands of kilometers back by sea route.
- In fact, during his travels, India passes through the beaches of Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, but chooses only the sand of Odisha’s beaches for breeding and making homes.
- Olive Ridley is one of the five species of sea turtles that migrate to Indian shores for breeding and their protection has been guaranteed under India’s Wildlife Safety Act 1972.
- According to scientists, the Earth’s magnetic field and ocean waves help these turtles to come here. The magnetic field prompts them to come to the place where they first saw the sand.
6. International Nurses Day celebrated on 12 May
International Nurses Day is celebrated worldwide on May 12 every year. Doctors play an important role in giving life to the sick, but the contribution of nurses can not be less than that of doctors. This year’s theme is ‘Nursing the World to Health’.
- Kovid-19 is re-outlining the important role of epidemic nurses. We cannot win this epidemic without nurses and other health care workers. The goal of sustainable development and the goal of bringing everyone into the realm of health services cannot be achieved without them.
- The birthday of the world’s great nurse Florence Nightingale is celebrated as International Nurses Day. On this occasion, nurses who have made significant contributions in the field of nursing are also honored with the Florence Nightingale Award.
- Florence Nightingale was born on May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy. His father’s name was William Nintigel and mother’s name was Fenny Nightingale. Florence Nightingale died on August 13, 1919.
- Florence Nightingale is considered the founder of the profession of nursing in the world. She first founded the Secular Nursing School.
- In 1854, Florence Nightingale united day and night in the care of Crimea War patients. In the night time, when everyone was sleeping, she used to go to the soldiers and see if the soldiers had any problem. Because of this, she is also called ‘Lady with Lamp’ by the soldiers.
7. Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises Launches Champions Portal
In a major initiative, the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has launched the Champions Portal. Through this portal all information related to MSME sector has been made available at one place.
- It is a technology-based management information system aimed at enabling the MSME sector nationally and globally, achieving quality and removing administrative bottlenecks.
- The portal has been named champions in line with the original goal of enabling small industries nationally and globally with a consistent application of modern technology.
- The Ministry of MSME had indicated that an ICT-based system would be set up to help small industries in the country in the current difficult circumstances which would help them to increase their capacity at national and international levels. Experimental testing of this system started on 9 May.
Features of the champions portal
- It is a technology-packed control room-cum-management information system enabled by artificial intelligence, data analytics and machine learning, in addition to ICT tools such as telephone, Internet and video conferences.
- It has been directly linked with the Government of India’s main Centralized Public Grievance Redressal and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) and other web systems of the Ministry of MSME. This entire system has been developed with indigenous technology with the help of NIC at no cost. Its physical infrastructure has been prepared in the ministry in record time.
- A network of control rooms in the information system is built into the Hub and Spoke model. The Hub is located at the office of the Secretary of MSME in New Delhi and has been linked to various offices of the Ministry in the states. As part of this control system, so far, local level control rooms have been set up in 66 states.
8. Noted historian Harishankar Vasudevan passed away
Renowned historian Harishankar Vasudevan died at the age of 68 at Corona. Professor Harishankar Vasudevan was admitted to the Ameri Kovid Hospital in Salt Lake on April 4 after showing symptoms of corona.
- Harishankar Vasudevan was a professor in the Department of History and Director of the Chinese Center at Kolkata University. Earlier, he was the director of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies Kolkata.
- Professor Hari Vasudevan was a leading expert on Russian and European history and Indo-Russian relations. He was a Distinguished, Visiting Fellow of the Observer Research Foundation and, President of the Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata.
- He made his mark while engaging in formal consultations with projects / institutes of Ministry of Culture, MHRD, Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. He was the Chairman of Social Science Textbook Development Committee of NCERT since 2005.
9. Akhil Kumar again joins NADA discipline panel
Former Commonwealth Games gold medalist boxer Akhil Kumar has been re-inducted into the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) discipline panel. He was earlier a member of this panel from 2017 to 2019.
- The Arjuna Award winning Olympians have a distinct identity in the All India Games. He was also a government observer of boxing from 2017 to 2019. Presently Akhil is employed in Haryana Police and currently ACP in Gurugram.
- Earlier this boxer advocated declaring doping a crime. The NADA discipline panel also includes Athletes of Track and Field and Arjuna Award winner Ashwini Nachappa.
National Doping Healing Agency (NADA)
- The National Anti-Doping Agency [NADA] was established by the Government of India with the objective of acting as an independent organization of India for the philosophy of drug-free sports. It advocates planning, coordination, implementation, monitoring of control improvement. It was established in 2005.
- The National Anti-Doping Agency has been mandated for dope-free sports in India. Its primary objective is to implement anti-doping rules as per the World Anti-Doping Agency code, regulate dope control program, promote education and research and Creating awareness about doping and its side effects.
- The National Anti Doping Agency is headed by Kiran Rijiju and secretary Ravi Mittal. Its brand is Ambassador Sunil Shetty.
10. Sania Mirza wins Fed Cup Heart Award
Tennis star Sania Mirza became the first Indian to win the Fed Cup Heart Award on 11 May, who received the award for her successful return to the court after becoming a mother.
- In every category, the prize winner gets two thousand dollars. He has decided to transfer the proceeds from this victory to the Telangana CM Relief Fund.
- Sania has been awarded for the Asia Oceania region. He has got more than 10 thousand votes out of total 16985. The winner of the Fed Cup Heart Award is selected based on the vote of the fans.
- Sania returned to the Fed Cup after four years and for the first time in history, India made it to the playoffs. After giving birth to her son Izhan in October 2018, Sania returned to the court in January this year and won the Hobart International title along with Nadia Kitchennow.