The President of India and the Governor of a state have different roles and responsibilities under the Constitution of India.
The President is the head of the executive branch of the central government, while the Governor is the head of the executive branch of a state government.
Some of the key differences between the powers of the President and the powers of a Governor in India are:
Appointment: The President appoints the Prime Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers, as well as the Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts. The Governor appoints the Chief Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers, as well as the Judges of the High Court of a state.
Emergency powers: The President can declare a national emergency in the event of a threat to the security of India, the breakdown of the constitutional machinery in a state, or a financial emergency. The Governor can also recommend the imposition of President’s rule in a state if the constitutional machinery has broken down.
Pardoning powers: The President has the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment, or to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases. Similarly, The Governor also have power of Pardoning in cases of state conviction
Legislative powers: The President has the power to summon and prorogue sessions of the Parliament and to address its members. The Governor has the power to summon and prorogue sessions of the Legislative Assembly and to address its members.
Dissolving the legislative: The President can dissolve the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament), but only on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Governor has the power to dissolve the Legislative Assembly of a state, but only on the advice of the Chief Minister.
Representation of state: The President represents the entire country, whereas the Governor represents a specific state.
Overall President is considered as the first citizen of India and acts as the symbol of unity while Governors acts as representatives of President in the state and head of the state government