Bihar GK in English

Demographic Profile of Bihar

Bihar is an important state in terms of human resources. As per census 2011, Bihar state ranks third in terms of population in India. The birth rate is 27.7 per 1000 persons and death rate is 6.7 per 1000 persons in Bihar. Bihar has around 8.6% of the total population in India.

Population of Bihar

➤ As per census 2011, the total population of Bihar is 10,40,99,452 persons. Out of this, male population is 5,42,78,157 (52.14%) and female population is 4,98,21,295 (47.86%).

➤ The rural population of Bihar is 9,23,41,436 and urban population is 1,17,58,016.

➤ Bihar ranks third in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

➤ The total child population (0-6, years age group) in Bihar is 1,91,33,964 (second in India).

➤ Only two districts of Bihar, namely Patna and East Champaran, have a population more than 50 lakh whereas only three districts of Bihar have a population less than 10 lakh namely, Arwal, Sheohar and Sheikhpura.

Population Growth Rate of Bihar

➤ As per census 2011, the total population growth rate of Bihar is 25.42%.

➤ The pattern of population growth has been changing from the last decades.

➤ It was very slow during the period between 1901 to 1921 but gradually increased during 1921 to 1951.

Three Districts of Bihar with Highest
Population

Districts

Total Population

East Champaran

50,99,371

Muzaffarpur

48,01,062

Patna

58,38,465

Three Districts of Bihar with Lowest
Population

Districts

Total Population

Arwal

7,00,843

Sheikhpura

6,36,342

Sheohar

6,56,246

Population Density of Bihar

➤ As per census 2011, the total population density of Bihar is 1106 Persons per sq km which is highest in India. The population growth has been increased by 225 from 2001.

➤ In terms of population density, Bihar ranks sixth among all States and Union Territories, while it ranks first among all states of the country.

➤ The population density of Bihar is 1106 Persons per sq km which is 724 Persons per sq km higher than the national average i.e. 382 Persons per sq km.

➤ All the districts of Bihar have higher population density than the national average.

Rural-Urban Population

As per census 2011, the percentage of total rural population is 88.70% and urban population is 11.30%.

Three Districts of Bihar with Highest Population Density

Districts

Population Density (Persons in per sqkm)

Darbhanga

1728

Patna

1823

Sheohar

1880

Three Districts of Bihar with Lowest Population Density

Districts

Population Density (Person in per sqkm)

Banka

674

Jamui

568

Kaimur

488

Three Districts with Highest Rural Population

Districts

Rural Population (in %)

Banka

96.50

Madhubani

96.40

Samastipur

96.53

Three Districts with Lowest Rural Population

Districts

Rural Population (in %)

Bhagalpur

80.17

Munger

72.21

Patna

56.93

Three Districts with Highest Urban Population

Districts

Urban Population

Bhagalpur

6,02,532

Gaya

5,81,601

Patna

25,14,590

There Districts with Lowest Urban Population

Districts

Urban Population

Arwal

51,849

Kaimur

65,571

Sheohar

28,116

Three Districts with Highest Population Growth

Districts

Population Growth (in %)

Araria

30.25

Kishanganj

30.40

Madhepura

31.12

Three Districts with Lowest Population Growth

Districts

Population Growth (in%)

Arwal

18.89

Darbhanga

19.47

Gopalganj

19.02

Sex-Ratio of Bihar

➤ As per census 2011, the sex ratio of Bihar is 918 females per 1000 males. Bihar ranks 25th in terms of sex-ratio in the country. The child sex-ratio in Bihar is 935.

➤ Four districts of Bihar have higher sex-ratio than the national average i.e. 943 females per 1000 males. These districts are Gopalganj, Siwan, Saran and Kishanganj.

➤ Gopalganj is the only district in Bihar which has positive sex-ratio i.e. 1021 females per 1000 males, where number of females is 21 higher over 1000 males.

➤ Munger district records the lowest sex-ratio in the state i.e. 876 females per 1000 males.

➤ The urban sex-ratio of Bihar is lower at 896 than the rural sex-ratio i.e. 921 females per 1000 males.

Literary Rate of Bihar

As per Census 2011, the literary rate of Bihar is 61.80% (lowest literary rate in the country).The male literacy in the state is 71.2%,whereas female literacy rate is 51.5%.

Three Districts with Highest Literacy Rate

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Bhojpur

70.47

Katihar

52.24

Rohtas

73.37

Purnea

51.08

Patna

70.68

Sitamarhi

52.05

Three Districts with Highest Male Literacy Rate

Three Districts with Lowest Male Literacy Rate

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Bhojpur

81.74

Katihar

59.36

Rohtas

82.88

Purnea

59.06

Buxar

80.72

Sitamarhi

60.64

Three Districts with Highest Sex-ratio

Districts

Sex-ratio (females/1000 males)

Districts

Sex-ratio (females/1000 males)

Siwan

988

Bhagalpur

880

Saran

954

Khagaria

886

Gopalganj

1021

Munger

876

Scheduled Tribe Population

➤ As per census 2011, the percentage of Scheduled Tribe (ST) population in Bihar is 1.3%.

➤ The sex-ratio of Scheduled Tribe (ST) is 958 females per 1000 males and the literacy rate is 28.2%. The highest ST sex-ratio is found in Gopalganj and the lowest ST sex-ratio is in Patna.

Three Districts with Highest ST
Three Districts with Highest SC Population

Population

Population

Districts

SC Population

Districts Sex-ratio (females/1000 males)

Patna

9,20,918

Kishanganj 1,13,118

Samastipur

8,03,128

Sheikhpura 1,31,115

Gaya

13,34,351

Sheohar 96,655

Population

Districts

ST Population

Districts

ST Population

Purnea

1,39,490

Arwal

590

West Champaran

2,50,046

Nawada

245

Katihar

1,79,971

Sheohar

318

Three Districts with Highest Female

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Districts

Literacy Rate (in %)

Munger

62.08

Madhepura

41.74

Patna

61.96

Purnea

42.34

Rohtas

62.97

Saharsa

41.68

Demographic Profile of Bihar Census 2011 (In Brief)

State Districts

Total Population

Males

Females

Sex Ratio

Population Density

Literacy Rate

Araria

28,11,569

14,63,333

13,48,236

921

993

53.53

Arwal

7,00,843

3,63,497

3,37,346

928

1,098

67.43

Aurangabad

25,40,073

13,18,684

12,21,389

926

769

70.32

Banka

20,34,763

10,67,140

9,67,623

907

674

58.17

Begusarai

29,70,541

15,67,660

14,02,881

895

1,549

63.87

Bhagalpur

30,37,766

16,15,663

14,22,103

880

1,182

63.14

Bhojpur

27,28,407

14,30,380

12,98,027

907

1,139

70.47

Buxar

17,06,352

8,87,977

8,18,375

922

1,002

70.14

Darbhanga

39,37,385

20,59,949

18,77,436

911

1,728

56.56

East Champaran

50,99,371

26,81,209

24,18,162

902

1,285

55.79

Gaya

43,91,418

22,66,566

21,24,852

937

883

63.67

Gopalganj

25,62,012

12,67,666

12,94,346

1,021

1,260

65.47

Jamui

17,60,405

9,16,064

8,44,341

922

568

59.79

Jehanabad

11,25,313

5,85,582

5,39,831

922

1,209

66.80

Kaimur

16,26,384

8,47,006

7,79,378

920

488

69.34

Katihar

30,71,029

16,00,430

14,70,599

919

1,005

52.24

Khagaria

16,66,886

8,83,786

7,83,100

886

1,122

57.92

Kishanganj

16,90,400

8,66,970

8,23,430

950

897

55.46

Lakhisarai

10,00,912

5,26,345

4,74,567

902

815

62.42

Madhepura

20,01,762

10,47,559

9,54,203

911

1,120

52.25

Madhubani

44,87,379

23,29,313

21,58,066

926

1,282

58.62

Munger

13,67,765

7,29,041

6,38,724

876

964

70.46

Muzaffarpur

48,01,062

25,27,497

22,73,565

900

1,514

63.43

Nalanda

28,77,653

14,97,060

13,80,593

922

1,222

64.43

Nawada

22,19,146

11,44,668

10,74,478

939

890

59.76

Patna

58,38,465

30,78,512

27,59,953

897

1,823

70.68

Purnea

32,64,619

16,99,370

15,65,249

921

1,011

51.08

Rohtas

29,59,918

15,43,546

14,16,372

918

763

73.37

Saharsa

19,00,661

9,97,174

9,03,487

906

1,127

53.20

Samastipur

42,61,566

22,30,003

20,31,563

911

1,467

61.86

Saran

39,51,862

20,22,821

19,29,041

954

1,496

65.96

Sheikhpura

6,36,342

3,29,743

3,06,599

930

924

63.86

Sheohar

6,56,246

3,46,673

3,09,573

893

1,880

53.78

Sitamarhi

34,23,574

18,03,252

16,20,322

899

1,492

52.05

Siwan

33,30,464

16,75,090

16,55,374

988

1,501

69.45

Supaul

22,29,076

11,55,283

10,73,793

929

919

57.67

Vaishali

34,95,021

18,44,535

16,50,486

895

1,717

66.60

West Champaran

39,35,042

20,61,110

18,73,932

906

753

55.70

Total

10,40,99,452

5,42,78,157

4,98,21,295

918

1,106

61.8

Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Population in Bihar

Scheduled Caste Population

➤ As per census 2011, the percentage of Scheduled Caste (SC) population in Bihar is

15.91%.

➤ The sex-ratio of Scheduled Caste is 925 females per 1000 males and the literary rate is 28.5%. The highest SC sex-ratio is found in Siwan district and Lowest SC sex-ratio is found in Bhagalpur district.

➤ The highest SC literacy rate in Bihar is found in Munger district, whereas lowest SC literacy rate is in Sheohar district.

DsGuruJi Homepage Click Here
DSGuruJi - PDF Books Notes