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Current Affairs: 14 May 2020
1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi calls for creating ‘Self-reliant India’
Addressing the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the crisis that has arisen due to Kovid-19 is unpredictable, but in this fight we not only need to protect ourselves, but we will have to keep moving forward.
- Referring to the world before and after the Kovid period, the Prime Minister said that to fulfill the dream of making the 21st century India’s century, it is to move forward by ensuring that the country becomes self-sufficient.
- Talking about turning the crisis into an opportunity, he cited the example of PPE kits and N-95 masks, whose production in India has grown from almost negligible to a high of 2–2 lakh pieces per day.
Five pillars of self-reliant India
- The Prime Minister said that determination is needed to make India self-reliant. He said that self-sufficient India would stand on these five pillars:
i) economy, which ensures a quantum leap, not incremental change;
ii) Infrastructure, which should become the identity of India;
iii) System, based on 21st century technology driven systems;
iv) Enthusiastic population, which is the source of our energy for self-reliant India;
v) Demand, under which the strength of our supply and supply chain must be harnessed to full capacity. He underlined the importance of strengthening all stakeholders of the supply chain to increase demand as well as to fulfill it.
Self-reliant india campaign
- The Prime Minister announced a special economic package and called for a self-reliant India. He said that the package is worth Rs 20 lakh crore, which is equivalent to about 10% of India’s GDP, after the government has combined the announcements made by the government during the Kovid crisis and the decisions taken by the RBI.
- The Prime Minister said that this package will also focus on land, labor, liquidity and laws. It will cater to the needs of various sections including cottage industry, MSME, laborers, middle class, industries. He informed that the details of the package will be presented by the Finance Minister for the next few days from tomorrow itself.
2. CSIR – National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore developed ventilator ‘Healthy Air’
CSIR – National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), a constituent laboratory of CSIR, Bangalore, has developed a non-invasive BIPAP (BiPAP) ventilator for the treatment of Kovadi-19 patients in a record time of 36 days. It has been named ‘Healthy Air’.
- The system has been certified by NABL accredited agencies for safety and performance. The system has undergone rigorous biomedical testing and beta clinical testing at NAL Health Center.
- The major advantage of this machine is that it is inexpensive and compact and can be used without any special nursing assistance. It is also designed with most of the indigenous parts.
- It is perfectly suited to treat Kovid-19 patients in wards. Also in the current scenario of Kovid-19 in India, it can be used in hospitals, dispensaries and homes for the treatment of patients with caronavirus.
Features of ‘healthy air’ ventilator
- BiPAP is a microcontroller based precision closed-loop adaptive control system with a non-invasive ventilator HEPA filter (Highly Efficient Particulate Air Filter- Highly Efficient Particulate Air Filter) equipped with a biocompatible ‘3D printed manifold and copular’.
- These unique features help reduce the risk of the virus spreading. It has the facility to connect oxygen concentrator or enrichment unit externally. It also has features like Spontaneous, CPAP, Timed, Auto BiPAP mode.
- CSIR-NAL is in the process of sending it to the regulatory authorities for approval and is expected to be approved soon. CSIR-NAL has already started negotiations with major public / private sector industries for its production on a large scale.
3. Kumbhakars in Rajasthan pledged to spread corona awareness through mats
Kumbhakara families of Rajasthan state have taken up their skills to spread awareness about Corona. A message of rescue from Kovid-19 has been engraved on the pits pitched by these families.
- Messages such as “Stay home safe”, “Defeat the corona have to be washed repeatedly with soap”, “Use a mask” are written on the mats. These Kumbhakara families believe that the more times a person drinks water, the more they will read these messages and remain alert to the corona. With the increase in heat, the sale of matikas will also increase and their message will reach more people.
- This initiative taken by the Kumbhakara families of Baran district, formerly a predominantly tribal district, and now Barmer, is small but effective and praiseworthy. It is known that these families are associated with the Khadi and Village Industries Commission scheme “Potter Empowerment Program” of the Central Government.
Potter empowerment program
- This program is being run in 12 districts of Rajasthan, of which Jaipur, Kota, Baran, Jhalawar, Sriganganagar, Barmer are prominent. The objective of this program is to improve the skills of the potters and connect them to the mainstream. For this, they have been given electric chalk to make machines and pottery and other products to knead the soil.
- According to Khadi and Village Industries Commission Chairman Vinay Kumar Saxena, the income of Kumbhakars has increased seven to eight times since joining the “potter empowerment program”. About 60 thousand families are benefiting from this program.
4. NDB to give India $ 100 million loan to fight Corona
The New Development Bank of the BRICS countries will give India a billion dollar emergency aid to help prevent the spread of Kovid-19 to India and reduce human, social and economic losses from the corona virus epidemic.
- The loan to India under the Emergency Assistance Program Loan was approved by the NDB Board of Directors on 30 April.
- It will be used to visualize, prevent, detect threats posed by Kovid-19 and enhance healthcare capacity in India. It will also strengthen the readiness of national health systems and provide immediate financial support to vulnerable and affected groups.
New Development Bank (NDB)
- NDB is the first multilateral development bank established in 2014 by developing countries and emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
- The bank aims to raise resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies and developing countries, besides acting as a complement to the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global growth and development.
- Bharat is one of the founding members with a 20% stake in the bank. The bank is headquartered in Shanghai.
- So far, India’s NDB has a sanctioned debt ratio of 28%, which is the second highest among BRICS countries after China. States like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Assam are receiving funds from the bank.
5. GI tag to Sohrai Khowar painting of Jharkhand and Telia handkerchief of Telangana
Recently the Sohrai Khover painting of Jharkhand and Telia Rumal of Telangana have been given Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Registry Headquarters in Chennai.
Sohrai Khover Painting
- Sohrai Khowar painting is a traditional and ritualistic mural art practiced by tribal women during the harvest and wedding seasons in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand using clay of various colors locally and naturally.
- Pochampally in Telangana focuses on the creation of the Telia handkerchief which includes intricate handmade work with cotton looms, displayed in a variety of designs and motifs in three special colors (red, black and white).
What is geographic notation?
- Geographical indications of India are provided on the basis of the Geographical Indication of Goods Act 1999 (Registration and Protection). It is a sign that ensures the identification of goods, this identification is provided due to the agricultural products, manufactured products and natural commodities originating in their particular region (state / country).
- Craftsmen are the backbone of the Indian handicrafts sector and have special skills, technical and traditional craftsmanship inherent in them.
- Geographical Indicator is usually given for 10 years and it has to be renewed after 10 years.
What is the advantage of geographical notation?
- This boosts the reliability of the product and makes the product stand out. Through this, the old information, products, manufacturing processes are protected.
- Investors are readily available to invest in product production related to geographical notation. This leads to development of the respective region and prosperity in the area concerned.
- It also benefits the consumer, they get pure products and get rid of counterfeit products.
6. ‘FIR-Aapke Dwar’ scheme launched in Madhya Pradesh
The Madhya Pradesh Police has started the ‘FIR-Aapke Dwar’ scheme to register an FIR while sitting at home. Madhya Pradesh has become the first state in the country to implement such a unique scheme.
- It has been started as a pilot project (pilot project) from 23 police stations in the state. Under this, the ‘Dial 100’ team will go to the complainant’s house and file an FIR as soon as the complaint is received.
- The FIR-Aapke Dwar ‘scheme will run as a pilot project till 31 August. After this it will be assessed and after getting positive results, the system will be strengthened and will be implemented in the entire state after necessary reforms and tests.
- Director General of Police Vivek Johri said that there will be trained head constables to register FIRs in Dial 100. An FIR will be registered on the spot by dial 100 of the common types of complaints. On serious complaints, decisions will be taken after obtaining guidance from senior officials.
7. Scientists discover how Kovid-19 infection causes death
Scientists investigating the symptoms of the disease caused by Corona virus infection, its diagnosis and how it affects the body, say that deaths due to Kovid-19 are mainly due to over-active immunity. Causes
- In a study published in the journal ‘Frontiers in Public Health’, researchers have described in a phased manner how this virus infects the respiratory tract, increases multiples within cells, and in severe cases makes the immune system hyperactive. Which in scientific language is called ‘cytokine storm’.
- ‘Cytokine storm’ is a condition of hyperactivity of white blood cells. In this condition large amounts of cytokines are produced in the blood. It is known that the same happens after infection like SARS and Mars. Statistics indicate that patients severely infected with Covid-19 may have ‘cytokine storm syndrome’.
- Daishun Liu, author of this study and a professor at China’s Juni Medical University, said, “Extremely fast-growing cytokines attract excessive amounts of lymphocyte and neutrophil-like immune cells, causing these cells to enter lung tissue.” Goes and they can cause lung damage. ”
- Researchers say that ‘cytokine storm’ causes high fever and blood clotting in the body. He said that white blood cells also attack healthy tissues and adversely affect the lungs, heart, liver, intestines, kidneys and genitalia from which they stop functioning.
- He said that the lungs can stop functioning due to many organs stop functioning. This condition is called ‘acute respiratory distress syndrome’. Researchers said that most of the deaths from corona virus are due to respiratory system problems.
8. 20 lakh crore rupees economic package will make all regions prosper
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a self-reliant India campaign to revive the Corona crisis in a recession-hit economy. For this, on May 12, he announced a special economic package of Rs 20 lakh crore.
- Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that in which areas the economic package of Rs 20 lakh crore will be used and who will get the amount.
- The Finance Minister said that in the month of March, the government has already brought a relief package of Rs 1.7 lakh crore. Through this package, the government was trying to fill the stomach of every person. Under this, 500-500 rupees are being added to the Jan Dhan account for three months. The installment of PM Kisan Yojana has been submitted. Apart from this, gas cylinders are being distributed free of cost for three months under the Ujjwala scheme.
- Extension of up to six months is being given for construction work. The work to be done within the stipulated time has been extended for six months from the due date. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that after 25 March 2020, whoever has gone ahead for registration and construction, they will benefit for six months. The builders will also be given additional time to complete the house.
- Discoms or power generating companies are facing cash flow problems, so 90 thousand crores of assistance has been fixed for them.
- NBFCs will have an expansion of the already running scheme of Rs 45,000 crore. Partial loan guarantee scheme will be expanded. NBFCs rated double A or below will also get loans. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the government has a special liquidity scheme of 30 thousand crores for NBFCs. Housing finance and micro finance have also been added to this 30 thousand crore with NBFC. The Government of India will give their full guarantee.
- MSMEs will be given a loan of three lakh crore rupees. Government will take six steps for MSMEs. The Finance Minister said that from 31 October 2020, MSMEs will get loan facility. Loans up to 3 lakh crore will be given without guarantee and 45 lakh MSMEs will be benefited under this.
9. FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup to be held in 2021
The Women’s Under-17 Football World Cup to be held this year (2020) in India was postponed due to the global epidemic Corona. But now the Women’s Under-17 Football World will be held from February 17 to March 7 next year. FIFA has announced this.
- FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) announced the postponement of the Under-17 Women’s World Cup tournament to be held in India on November 4 this year. As per schedule, the tournament was scheduled to be played between November 2 and November 21 this year.
- Kolkata, Guwahati, Bhubaneswar, Ahmedabad and Navi Mumbai are proposed to compete in this tournament in which 16 teams including host India will participate.
10. ICC postpone female ODI and male U-19 qualifiers
The International Cricket Council (ICC) has postponed qualifying tournaments in July of the 2021 Women’s World Cup and the 2022 Men’s Under-19 World Cup due to the Kovid-19 epidemic.
- The women’s qualifying competition was to be held in Sri Lanka from July 3 to 19 in which 10 teams including host Sri Lanka were to take part. The other teams were Bangladesh, Ireland, Netherlands, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, USA, West Indies and Zimbabwe.
- The qualifying process of the ICC Under-19 World Cup 2022 was to begin with the European regional qualifier to be held in Denmark from 24 to 30 July.
- The ICC will consult competing countries for when these tournaments can be organized. This World Cup is proposed to be held in the West Indies.
- “We have decided to postpone two upcoming qualifying events due to ongoing travel restrictions, global health concerns and the advice of the government and public health officials,” ICC competition head Chris Tetley said.