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Current Affairs: 12 May 2020
1. Indian Railways ran 468 ‘Shramik Special’ trains across the country till 11 May 2020
The Indian Railways had decided to run ‘Shramik Special’ trains following the Home Ministry order regarding movement of migrant workers, pilgrims, tourists, students and others stranded at various places in the country.
- As of 11 May 2020, a total of 468 ‘Shramik Special’ trains have been run from various states across the country, of which 363 trains have reached their destinations and 105 trains are currently heading to their respective destinations.
- The operations of these 363 trains ended on arrival in various states, such as Andhra Pradesh (1 train), Bihar (100 trains), Himachal Pradesh (1 train), Jharkhand (22 trains), Madhya Pradesh (30 trains), Maharashtra ( 3 trains), Odisha (25 trains), Rajasthan (4 trains), Telangana (2 trains), Uttar Pradesh (172 trains), West Bengal (2 trains) and Tamil Nadu (1 train).
- These special trains have brought migrants to many cities including Tiruchirapalli, Titlagarh, Barauni, Khandwa, Jagannathpur, Khurda Road, Prayagraj, Chapra, Ballia, Gaya, Purnia, Varanasi, Darbhanga, Gorakhpur, Lucknow, Jaunpur, Hatia, Basti, Katihar , Danapur, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa etc.
‘Shramik Special’ train
- Indian Railways has operated ‘Shramik Special’ trains following the Home Ministry’s order for stranded migrant workers, pilgrims, tourists, students and others to reach their homes at various places in the country. Is more.
- A Shramik Special train can travel a maximum of around 1200 passengers by following social distance. Proper boarding of passengers is ensured before boarding the train. Food and water is provided free of cost to the passengers during the journey.
- It was decided by the government to run the “Shramik Special” train from “Shramik Divas”. According to the government, 85 percent of the fare of the workers will be borne by the Ministry of Railways and 15 percent by the respective state governments.
2. Ministry of Tourism organized 17th session of ‘Dekhon Apna Desh’ webinar series on ‘Discovery of Nila River’
The 17th session of ‘Dekhon Apna Desh’ webinar was organized by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India on 9 April 2020 titled ‘Discovery of Nila River’. It was intended to showcase meaningful travel experiences for the travelers who are offered by such places Where there is relatively less travel.
- The presented webinar led the participants to visit lesser known cities and villages in the coastal region of the river Nilaso, popularly known as Bharatpuzha in Kerala, providing authentic and unique experiences to discerning travelers and explorers.
- The story of ‘Discovery of Nila River’ was based on showcasing the principles of responsible tourism that explore the uniqueness of a place, people living there and share it with the people who travel there.
- The places featured in the webinar are located in Palakkad, Thrissur and Malapuram districts of Kerala which are easily accessible by air through Coimbatore, Kochi and Kozhikode airports and are well connected by rail and road network Huh.
- It is known that the objective of the Dekho Apna Desh webinar series is to promote domestic tourism. During the current lockdown period, the Ministry of Tourism is making every effort to connect with the stakeholders of the tourism industry and the citizens of the country to keep them interested in travel within India after the removal of travel restrictions. The participants of these webinars include tourism stakeholders, students and common people from across the country.
Nila River / Bharatpuzha River
- The Bharatpuzha River is a river flowing in the state of Kerala, India. Ottappalam, a large town in Palakkad district, is situated on the banks of the Bharatpuzha River. This river is also known as ‘Neela River’.
- The Bharatpuzha River is the second largest river in Kerala after Periyar. Its length is about 250 km. The origin of the river is in the Annamalai Hills of Tamil Nadu, it flows for 41 km in the state of origin.
- Presently, the existence of this river is in crisis. Like many dry, sand-fed rivers of North India, it is in a similar situation.
3. National Technology Day celebrated on 11 May
A high-level digital conference on the occasion of National Technology Day on 11 May 2020 on behalf of the Technology Development Board (TDB) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), the statutory body of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Rebooting the Economy through Science and Technology and Research Translations- Restart ‘was organized.
- Union Minister of Science and Technology, Health and Family Welfare and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan was the chief guest on the occasion. In this program, Member Science, NITI Aayog, Dr. V.K. Saraswat; Principal Scientific Adviser, Government of India Prof. K. Vijayaraghavan; WHO was also attended by Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, Chief Scientist.
- The conference has brought together scientists, technologists, government officials, diplomats, WHO officials and dignitaries from national and international industries, research institutes and academic institutions on a platform that can help India overcome the current epidemic.
- During this time, in addition to digital conferences, a virtual exhibition was planned with companies whose technologies are supported by TDB. Various organizations and companies showcased their products at the exhibition through the digital B2B lounge. People from all over the world could see the conference stalls.
National Technology Day
- On behalf of the Ministry of Science and Technology, TDB celebrates May 11 every year as National Technology Day to celebrate innovations and achievements of technological excellence in the country.
- This day also has a historical perspective, as it was on 11 May 1998 that India achieved great technical success by successfully conducting nuclear tests in Pokhran.
- Also, the first indigenous aircraft “Hansa-3” took a test flight in Bangalore on the same day; And on the same day, India also launched a successful test launch of Trishul missile. This day is being celebrated as National Technology Day since 1999.
- Celebrating Technology Day is a symbol of scientific inquiry, technological creativity and innovation in India’s struggle and integration of these developments in national socio-economic benefits and global presence.
4. DRDO Lab Develops Automated UV System
The Research Center building (RCI), Hyderabad, the premier laboratory of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), has developed an automated and contactless UVC sanitization cabinet, named Defense Research Ultraviolet Sanitizer (DRUVS).
- It is designed to disinfect mobile phones, iPads, laptops, currency notes, checks, invoices, passbooks, paper, envelopes, etc.
- The Defense Research Ultraviolet Sanitizer (DRUVS) cabinet is operated without contact, which is very important to prevent the spread of the virus. The facility of opening and closing the sensor switch and drawer makes its operation automatic and contactless.
- UVC has an impact from all sides (360 degree exposure) on items placed inside the cabinet. After the disinfection process is over the system goes into sleep mode so the operator does not have to wait or stand near the equipment.
- Since bundles of notes can be disinfected using DRUVS, the process of disinfecting each currency note using it will take a long time. To address this, the Research Center building (RCI) has also developed an automated UVsecretory note sanitizing device, named NotesClean.
- This involves keeping the bundle of notes open in the input slot of the instrument. The device takes notes one by one and carries them through a series of UVC lamps to completely disinfect.
5. Mission Sagar will intensify relations with Indian Ocean countries
Indian Navy ship ‘Kesari’ food items, Kovid related medicines including HCQ tablets and special Ayurvedic medicines and medical aid teams on 10 May 2020 Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, coordinating with Government of India between Kovid-19 epidemic , Has departed to Madagascar and Comoros.
- This coordination as ‘Mission Sagar’ is in line with India’s role as the first Responder in the region and develops the existing excellent relations between these countries to counter the Kovid-19 epidemic and the resulting difficulties. Does.
- The campaign is in progress with close coordination with the Ministry of Defense, Ministry of External Affairs and other agencies of the Government of India.
- As part of Mission Sagar, the Indian Navy ship Kesari will enter the Port of Male of the Republic of Maldives to provide 600 tons of food to them. It is known that India and Maldives are close maritime neighbors with very strong and cordial defense and diplomatic relations.
- This deployment of the Kesari ship is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision of ‘SAGAR – Security and Growth for All in the Region’ and underscores the importance of relations by India with its neighboring countries and Strengthens existing bond.
6. India developed indigenous antibody test kit
The National Institute of Virology has developed an IgG ELISA test kit on indigenous technology to investigate corona in India. This will detect the presence of corona virus antibodies in the human body. This has been announced by the Union Health Minister, Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
- Through this test kit, 90 samples can be examined in a span of two and a half hours. In such a situation, health professionals will be able to take the next necessary step more quickly in view of the disease.
- The kit was validated at 2 sites in Mumbai and has high sensitivity and accuracy. In addition, it can test 90 samples simultaneously in a single run of 2.5 hours.
- ICMR has partnered with Zydus Cadila Pharmaceutical Company for mass production of this indigenous test kit ELISA test kit. For this, the Drug Controller General of India has also approved commercial production and marketing.
- On the other hand, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), in collaboration with Bharat Biotech International Limited, has started work towards preparing the vaccine for COVID-19 within the country. Both are trying to develop a vaccine in the country to treat corona.
There are many flaws in China’s rapid test kit
- Corona testing has been banned in the country with rapid test kits made in China. In many states, the test was found to be an error with the Chinese test kit. After which the ICMR advised the states not to investigate.
7. Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Chaudhary elected Public Accounts Committee Chairman
Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Chaudhary has been elected as the Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of Parliament. The position of the chairman of this committee of Parliament is traditionally held by the opposition.
- According to the release, 15 members are from Lok Sabha and five are from Rajya Sabha in the 20-member Public Accounts Committee while two seats are still vacant. The tenure of the committee has started from May 1, 2020, which will be till April 30, 2021.
- Apart from Adhir Ranjan Chaudhary, TR Balu, Bhrithari Mahtab, Jayant Sinha, Vishnu Dayal Sharma, Rahul Ramesh Shawle, Jagdambika Pal, Ramkripal Yadav, V Baleshwari, Satyapal Singh, Sudhir Gupta, Subhash Chandra Bahedia, Darshan Vikramji Darvesh, Ajay Mishra, Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lallan and Vishnu Dayal Ram, while Rajya Sabha members include Bhupendra Yadav, Rajiv Chandrasekhar, CM Ramesh, Naresh Gujral and Sukendu includes Shekhar Roy.
Public accounts committee
- Public Accounts Committee is the committee to audit the expenses of the Government of India. It was first formed in 1921 under the Government of India Act, 1919. The committee consists of 22 members of which 15 are from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha.
- It ensures representation of all parties as its members are elected by a single transferable vote system and its chairman is a member of the opposition party.
- Among the functions of the committee is the Head of Inquiry into the annual reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General, which are presented to the Parliament by the President. This committee ensures in investigation –
(A) that the money shown as an expenditure in the accounts was duly available and chargeable for the service or purpose in which it is levied or passed;
(B) that the expenditure is according to the authority to which it is subject;
(C) that each re-appropriation is made in accordance with the provisions made in this regard under the rules made by the competent authority.
It will also be the duty of the committee
(A) the particulars of accounts showing the income and expenditure of state corporations, business and manufacturing schemes, institutions and projects, and the balance sheets and statements of profit and loss accounts which the President is required to prepare or which the particular corporation shall Prepared under the provisions of the statutory rules regulating the financing of a business or manufacturing plan or institution or project Sue, and examine the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General on them.
(B) to examine the statement of accounts reflecting the income and expenditure of autonomous and semi-autonomous bodies and the audit to be conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, either under the directions of the President or the Constitution of Parliament; And
(C) to consider the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General in cases where the President is required to audit any receipts or to check the accounts of the treasuries.
- Despite the above powers, the committee has some limitations, such as – it differs from policy questions in a broader sense. It has no role in day-to-day administration. After money is spent, it checks. Its recommendation is not binding. It does not have the power to limit or restrict the expenditure incurred by the departments.
8. Commemorative stamp on 40th anniversary of smallpox eradication released
The World Health Organization and the United Nations Postal Agency have issued a commemorative postage stamp on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox.
- The head of the Global Health Society thanked Atul Khare, a top Indian-origin official at the United Nations, whose efforts have led to the issue of a commemorative ticket.
- This stamp is an identity of global solidarity in fighting smallpox and honors millions of people working together.
- Smallpox (Sheetla, Elder Mother, Smallpox) is a viral disease. Which is caused by two virus types, vherola major and vherola minor. It is highly contagious and is spread through the respiratory tract or by the liquid secretion from the blisters of skin lesions by smallpox.
- Affected individuals have fever and itching rash. The rash usually develops in 5 days and along with it blisters form first on the skin of the head and on the face, and then on the torso and then on the arms and legs.
- In May 1980, the 33rd World Health Assembly issued its official declaration stating that all the people of the world had attained liberation from smallpox.
- This became possible after a 10-year global effort by the World Health Organization, in which thousands of health workers around the world were implanted and 50 million people were vaccinated.
9. UFC starts in empty stadium
The Ultimate Fighting Championships (UFC) began at the vacant stadium, the first major professional league to be launched after an outbreak of the Kovid-19, after sports activities stalled for nearly two months due to the Corona virus epidemic in the US.
- The mixed martial arts competition UFC 249 has however started with new rules of safety in which spectators are not allowed to come to the stadium as well as making it mandatory for most people in the stadium to wear masks.
- There was no live broadcast of any competition in the US for about eight weeks, which has given some relief to sports lovers with the introduction of UFC.
- About five hours after President Donald Trump congratulated the UFC for restarting the match, Justin Gethje upset the rival Tony Ferguson 26-4 in the main match.
10. Narinder Batra’s tenure as FIH President extended
- Indian Olympic Association (IOA) President Narinder Batra’s tenure as head of the International Hockey Federation (FIH) has been extended to May next year as its annual congress has been postponed due to the Kovid-19 epidemic.
- The decision to postpone the Congress was taken at the online meeting of the FIH Executive Board on 08 May. The postponement means that the tenure of all FIH officers will be extended to next year’s Congress.
- Batra was elected the chairman of FIH in November 2016, who is also a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).