Current Affairs: 10 – 11 May 2020 We are here to provide important recent and latest current affairs for you 10 – 11 May 2020, from all newspapers like Hindu, Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Latest Current Affairs 2020 events are provided here. Here all the data is taken from newspapers.
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Current Affairs: 10 – 11 May 2020
1. Agreement between TRIFED and Ort of Living Foundation to provide free ration kits
TRIFED and Ort of Living (AOL) under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs have signed an MoU to support each of the organization’s specific programs to promote tribal enterprises.
- Under this MoU, the Art of Living Foundation has agreed to provide free ration kits to needy tribal artisans.
- That’s why TRIFED’s regional offices have prepared a list of needy tribal artisans and identified 9,409 needy tribal artisans across the country for distribution of ration kits under the #iStandWithHumanity campaign of the Art of Living.
- In this regard, coordination of Ort of Living (AOL) offices is being done in all states.
Art of Living (AOL) Foundation
- The Art of Living is a not-for-profit educational and humanitarian NGO that exists in over 156 countries. Was founded in 1981 by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. The Art of Living organizes a stress removal program for the development of the individual which empowers people to face life’s challenges.
- The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Association of India Limited (TRIFED – The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India) was established in 1987 by the Government of India. The original objective of TRIFED was to market products collected or made by the tribal people from the forest. Arrangements are to be sold at the right prices.
- The Indian Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Association Limited (TRIFED) is a multi-state cooperative society under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. TRIFED also organizes exhibitions like National Tribal Craft Expo “Adi Mahotsav” and encourages the marketing of tribal products. It provides facilities to tribal artisans so that they can interact directly with art lovers to take stock of market requirements. In the last four years, it has been providing an e-commerce platform to tribal artisans for selling products.
- TRIFED has its head office in New Delhi, apart from its head office, it has a network of 13 regional offices at various locations in the country. TRIFED is a national level apex body under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
2. Inauguration of the road from Dharchula (Uttarakhand) to Lipulekh (China border)
Inaugurating a new era in Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra and border area connectivity, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the road from Dharchula (Uttarakhand) to Lipulekh (China border) in a special program. Rajnath Singh dispatched a convoy of vehicles from Pithoragarh to Gunji through video conferencing.
- With the completion of this road link, the Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra can be completed in a week, whereas earlier it took 2-3 weeks.
- This road originates from Ghatiyabgarh and ends at Lipulekh Pass, the entrance to Kailash-Mansarovar. The height of this road is 80 km from 6,000 to 17,060 feet.
What is the current path?
- With the completion of this project, pilgrims from Kailash-Mansarovar will now be able to avoid the difficult journey on the route of risky and high altitude terrain. Currently, the journey to Kailash-Mansarovar by Sikkim or Nepal routes takes about two to three weeks.
- Through Sikkim and Nepal, the Lipulekh route had to travel a distance of 90 km through high altitude areas. In this, the elderly passengers had to face a lot of difficulties.
- Currently, the other two roadways are through Sikkim and Nepal. It required about 20 percent travel on Indian roads and about 80 percent travel on Chinese roads. With the opening of the Ghatibar-Lipulek road, this ratio has reversed. Now pilgrims from Mansarovar will travel 84 percent on Indian soil and only 16 percent on Chinese land.
- It has been constructed by the Border Roads Organization (BRO). On this occasion, the Director-General of BRO Lieutenant General Harpal Singh said that, due to many problems, the construction of this road has been hampered. Due to continuous snowfall, extreme elevation, and extremely low temperatures, the working season has been limited for five months.
- Lipulekh Pass or ‘Lipulekh La’ is a mountain pass located in the Himalayas (India). This pass connects the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand state with the city of Taklakot (Purang) in Tibet. It is a major part of Uttarakhand. This pass is especially used by travelers going to Mount Kailash and Mansarovar from India.
3. $ 500 million agreement between Government of India and AIIB to deal with Kovid-19
The Government of India and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) signed a US $ 500 million ‘Kovid-19 Emergency Measures and Health System Preparedness Project’ to tackle the Kovid-19 epidemic and strengthen its public health preparedness May India be helped. This is the first-ever healthcare sector assistance to India from this bank.
- The primary beneficiaries of this project will be infected people, at-risk populations, medical and emergency personnel, service providers working in medical and testing centers (both public and private), and public and animal health agencies involved in dealing with Kovid-19 in India.
- Today, about 75 percent of new infectious diseases begin with human and animal interactions, including HIV / AIDS, Ebola, and SARS. This project will develop the capability and system to detect existing and emerging diseases from animals to humans.
- The project is being funded by the World Bank and AIIB with a funding of $ 1.5 billion, of which $ 1.0 billion will be provided by the World Bank and $ 500 million by AIIB.
- Also, this new assistance will cover all states and union territories across India and cater to the needs of infected people, at-risk populations, medical and emergency personnel and service providers, medical and testing centers, and national and animal health agencies.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
- The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral international financial institution that serves as a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond.
- It is headquartered in Beijing. It started functioning in January 2016 and currently has 78 members. It is currently headed by Jin Likun.
- The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank provides financing for concrete and sustainable projects in energy and electricity, transport and telecommunications, rural infrastructure and agricultural development, water supply, and sanitation, environmental protection, urban development, and operations.
4. World Red Cross Day was celebrated worldwide on 08 May
World Red Cross Day is celebrated every year on 8 May to celebrate the good work of the Red Cross worldwide. Red Cross Day also aims to honor the unprecedented contribution of volunteers for the needy.
- On this occasion, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu praised the employees and volunteers of the Indian Red Cross Society, who are rendering selfless service in preventing the spread of Kovid-19 and saving lives.
- Apart from the Vice President, the Union Health Minister and President of the Indian Red Cross Society, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, launched a relief material distribution campaign from the headquarters of the Indian Red Cross Society in New Delhi. Redcross volunteers are running this campaign across the country.
World red cross day
- 8 May is an important day in the history of the Red Cross Society. This is the day its founder or father, John Henry Dinant, was born in 1828. His birthday i.e. 8th May is celebrated as World Red Cross Day.
- In 1901, Henry Dinant received the first Nobel Peace Prize for his human service work.
Red Cross Society background
- Henri Dinant was an entrepreneur from Switzerland. In 1859 he went in search of Emperor Napoleon III of France. Algeria was occupied by France in those days. Dinant hoped that Napoleon would help him open a business establishment in Algeria. But Dinant did not get a chance to meet Emperor Napoleon. Meanwhile, he went to Italy where he saw the Battle of Solferino.
- In a single day, more than 40,000 soldiers were killed and wounded in that war. No army had a medical corps to look after the wounded soldiers. Dinant organized a group of volunteers.
- The group formed transported food and water to the injured. He treated the injured and wrote letters to his family members. 3 years after the incident, Dinant published his tragic experience as a book. The name of the book was ‘A Memory of Solferino’.
- Towards the end of the book, he suggested the establishment of a permanent international society. A society that can treat those injured in war. A society that works for people of every citizenship. That is why in February 1863, the Geneva Public Welfare Society formed a committee.
- In October 1863, an international conference was organized on behalf of the committee. The five-member committee was initially known as the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded. It was later renamed the International Committee of the Red Cross. Gustave became its first president.
5. Prime Minister pays tribute to Gopal Krishna Gokhale’s birth anniversary
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Gopal Krishna Gokhale on his birth anniversary. On this occasion, the Prime Minister has said that “I am remembering Gopal Krishna Gokhale on his birth anniversary. A great personality filled with immense knowledge. He made outstanding contributions to education and social empowerment. He also provided exemplary leadership in India’s independence movement. ”
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- Gopalakrishna Gokhale was born on 9 May 1866 in a general family in Ratnagiri to Krishnarao’s house. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the founder of the Servants of India Society. He was the leader of the Congress Party’s liberal group that advocated reforms by working with existing government institutions.
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a disciple of Mahadev Govind Ranade, had a unique understanding of financial matters and is known as the ‘Gladstone’ of India for his ability to argue it properly.
- He joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1889. In the year 1905 Gokhale was elected the President of the Indian National Congress.
- He founded the Servants of Indian Society in 1905. The main objective of this society was to train Indians to raise their voice against social evils and serve their country.
- On 19 February 1915, Gopalkrishna Gokhale departed from this world forever.
6. Prime Minister pays tribute to Maharana Pratap Jayanti
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Maharana Pratap on his birth anniversary. The Prime Minister said, ‘Salutations to Maharana Pratap, the great son of Mother India, on his birth anniversary. His saga full of patriotism, self-respect, and valor will always be a source of inspiration for the countrymen. ‘
- Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodia was the king of the Sisodia Rajput dynasty in Udaipur, Mewar, he was born on May 9, 1540 AD in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan. His name is immortal for valor and determination in history. He did not accept the subjection of the Mughal emperor Akbar and had struggled for many years.
- Maharana Pratap’s mother’s name was Jayavanta Bai, daughter of Sonagara Akhairaja of Pali. Her father’s name was Maharana Udai Singh who was the Maharana of Sisodia Rajput dynasty in Mewar. Maharana Pratap was called Kika in his childhood.
- Mughal emperor Akbar wanted to bring Pratap under his control without war, so Akbar appointed four ambassadors to convince Pratap, in which Jalal Khan first entered the camp of Pratap in September 1572 AD, in the same order Mansingh (in 1573 AD). , Bhagwandas (in September 1573 AD) and King Todarmal (December 1573 AD) arrived to explain Pratap, but Rana Pratap disappointed the four, thus Rana Pratap of the Mughals The refusal to accept subjugation resulted in the historic war of the Haldi Valley.
- In the Haldi Valley War, the Mughal army was led by Mansingh and Asaf Khan. The eyes of this war were described by Abdul Qadir Badayunin. This war was indirectly termed as Jihad by Asaf Khan. Rana Poonja Bhil, an associate of Maharana Pratap, was an important contributor to this. In this battle, Jhalaman of Binda had sacrificed his life and protected the life of Maharana Pratap.
- It is believed that neither Akbar nor Rana lost in this war. While the Mughals had more military power, Rana Pratap had no shortage of combative power. He did not accept the treaty with Akbar till the last time and kept fighting battles while living life with respect.
- In the history of Rajasthan, the war of Diwar in 1582 is considered to be an important war, because Rana Pratap won in this war and regained the lost states, after this, a long struggle between Rana Pratap and the Mughals became a war. This happened due to which Colonel James Tod called this war “Marathon of Mewar”.
7. The business of Khadi and Village Industries reached around Rs 90,000 crore in 2019-20
In the last five years under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the acceptance of Khadi and Village Industries in India has been widely seen. In the year 2019-20, the total business of Khadi and Village Industries has reached Rs 88,887 crore.
- If we look at the performance of Khadi business in the last one year, then we find that it was Rs 3215.13 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 31%, it has increased to Rs 4211.26 crore in 2019-20.
- Similarly, the turnover of village industries products has reached Rs 84,675.39 crore in 2019-20, registering an increase of over 19% over the previous year, from Rs 71,077 crore in 2018-19.
- If we combine the two, we find that in the year 2019-20, the total business of Khadi and Village Industries has reached Rs 88,887 crore.
- According to the data, Khadi production was estimated at Rs 1,066 crore in 2015-16, which increased to Rs 2,292.44 crore in 2019-20, registering an increase of over 115%. On the other hand, Khadi sales have been even higher. Sales of Khadi fabric products stood at Rs 1,510 crore in 2015-16, increasing by 179% to Rs 4,211.26 crore in 2019-20.
- The products of village industries were produced at Rs 33,425 crore in 2015-16 and this production has increased by 96% to Rs 65,393.40 crore in 2019-20. Sales of village industries products were Rs 40,385 crore in 2015-16, registering a growth of around 110% and it increased to Rs 84,675.39 crore in 2019-20.
- Apart from Khadi apparel, a wide range of village industry products such as cosmetics, soaps and shampoos, Ayurvedic medicines, honey, oil, tea, pickles, papad, hand sanitizer, confectionery, food items, and leather goods also have a large number of countries. – Has attracted foreign consumers. As a result, production and sales of village industry products have recorded almost double growth in the last five years.
Khadi and Village Industries Commission
- The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body created by the Government of India under the ‘Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act 1956’ of the Parliament. It is an apex body under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Industries (Government of India) related to Khadi and Village Industries in India.
- Its main objective is to plan, publicize, provide facilities and support for the establishment and development of Khadi and Village Industries in rural areas in which it can also take the assistance of other agencies working in the field of rural development as required.
- In April 1957 it took over the entire work of the erstwhile All India Khadi and Rural Industries Board.
- It is headquartered in Mumbai, while other divisional offices are located in Delhi, Bhopal, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Guwahati. Apart from divisional offices, it also has offices in 29 states to implement its various programs.
8. India’s foreign exchange reserves exceeded 481.078 billion dollars
The country’s foreign exchange reserves increased by $ 16.22 million to $ 481.078 billion in the week ended May 1. The reason for this increase is the increase in foreign currency assets.
- The foreign exchange reserves had decreased by $ 11.3 million to $ 479.455 billion in the previous week. Earlier in the week ended March 6, the country’s foreign exchange reserves rose by $ 5.69 billion to an all-time high of $ 487.23 billion.
- During this period, foreign currency assets have increased by $ 1.752 billion to $ 443.316 billion. During this period, gold reserves have decreased by $ 623 million to $ 32.277 billion.
- At the same time, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has India’s special drawing rights increased by $ 5 million to $ 1.426 billion.
Foreign exchange reserves
- The total foreign exchange available with a country at a given time is its ‘foreign currency asset’. ‘Foreign exchange reserves’ of a country means foreign currency assets, gold reserves, special drawing rights, reserve trenches in the International Monetary Fund, etc. of that country.
- Officially the Reserve Bank does not target any particular exchange rate nor foreign exchange reserves, but the Reserve Bank maintains foreign exchange reserves to reduce volatility in the foreign exchange market.
- It is also called forex reserve or reserve of reserves. Foreign currency reserves in the balance of payments are called ‘reserve assets’ and are held in the capital account. It is more appropriate to call it an official international repository or international repository.
9. AIIMS Hrishikesh’s unique initiative in the fight against Corona
In times of the Corona crisis, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh has taken a unique initiative to reduce the burden on health services. Here a remote health monitoring system has been developed with the help of a mobile app and a device connected to it.
- This remote health monitoring system is named ‘Monal’, inspired by the name of the state bird of Uttarakhand. With the help of ‘Monal’, the corona infected person will be able to stay in touch with the doctors even while living in his house.
- Through the device, all the important information such as the patient’s heartbeat, body temperature, respiratory rate, and oxygen levels will be available to the doctors sitting far away. If the health of a patient associated with this system worsens, the control room set up at AIIMS will get immediate information, after which the process of hospitalization of the patient will begin.
- The system has been developed in collaboration with Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of India. The device has been successfully tested on over 200 patients. Soon this app will also be launched for the public.
Benefits of using ‘Monal’
- There will be many benefits from the use of ‘Monal’. First of all, there will be already less proper allocation of our health resources.
- Since 95 percent of Corona patients do not require intensive care. Continued health monitoring at home and generic medicines can cure these patients soon. In such a situation, the existing medical resources will be better used for serious corona patients.
- In addition, the use of Monal will reduce contact between health workers and corona patients. In this way, our health workers will also be protected from unnecessary infections. And finally, the use of this system will also reduce the ever-increasing consumption of PPE kits.
10. Facebook joins Sudhir Krishnaswamy of India in content oversight board
Facebook has created an ‘oversight board’ to monitor objectionable posts. It includes 20 people from 27 countries, including former Prime Minister, Nobel Peace Prize winner, law experts, professors, and journalists. According to Facebook, it is an independent board.
- Its members will monitor objectionable content posted on Facebook and Instagram. It will mainly decide on posts related to hate speeches, harassment, and the security of people. In such cases, it would also reverse the decisions of the company’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg.
- It can also suggest policies for the company. The decisions of the board have to be implemented by the company in 90 days. However, in some cases, the company may ask for 30 days for review. The company may also authorize the board to make some important decisions related to advertising and Facebook groups. This board will publicly respond to any content related to content. Facebook has created a $ 130 million fund for the board’s 6 years of work.
Who is included in this board?
- The Facebook board includes former Danish Prime Minister Hayley Thorning Schmidt, Nobel Peace Prize winner Tavakul Kamran, journalist Ellen Rusbridgeer, Pakistan’s digital rights advocate Night Dad, former US Federal Circuit judge and special Michael McConnell of religious freedom, constitutional law Specialists Jamel Green and Columbia’s Attorney Catalina Bottere-Marino head.
- Sudhir Krishnaswamy of India has also been included in the board. He is the Vice-Chancellor of the National Law School of India, Bangalore.