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Current Affairs: 07 May 2020
1. Indian Navy launches Operation “Samudra Setu”
The Government is closely monitoring the situation regarding the impact of the Kovid-19 epidemic on our citizens abroad. The Indian Navy has been instructed to make suitable preparations to bring them back by sea route.
- That is why the Indian Navy has launched Operation “Sea Bridge” to repatriate Indian nationals from abroad – which means “sea bridge”.
- Indian Naval ships are on the way to the Strait and the male port of the Republic of the Maldives, which will launch the evacuation operation from 8th May 2020 as part of Phase-I.
- The Indian Mission in the Republic of Maldives is preparing a list of Indian nationals to be withdrawn by naval ships and will facilitate their ascent after requisite medical examination.
- A total of 1000 persons are planned to be brought back during the first visit as per the medical facilities and carrying capacity available on ships as well as social distance norms related to COVID.
- The ships have been especially facilitated for evacuation operations. General facilities and medical facilities will also be provided to the person to be brought back during the voyage. Necessary protocols have also been laid down to meet the challenges related to Kovid-19.
- The persons to be brought back will be brought to Kochi city in Kerala and the responsibility of their care will be entrusted to the state authorities. The operation is being carried out in close coordination with various agencies and State Governments of Ministry of Defence, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Health and Government of India.
2. BRO engaged in completion of Atal tunnel by September 2020
Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is taking proactive steps to complete the work on Strategic Atal Tunnel at Pir Panjal series of Himachal Pradesh, which is at an important stage of construction, to ensure its completion in September 2020.
- The work of a steel superstructure bridge of 10 0 m long on the Chandra River on the northern portal of the tunnel is also under construction. The work was halted for 10 days due to the Kovid-19 pandemic outbreak.
- Thereafter, Lt Gen Harpal Singh, Director general, border Roads had taken up the matter with Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur. The result was resumed on 5th April 2020 with labor on-site in active coordination of the State Government.
- The Atal tunnel is being constructed as the Manali-Sarchu-Leh route remains closed for six months every year due to full snow cover between November and May. It is a 10.5-meter wide two-lane tunnel.
- The tunnel will connect Manali to Lahaul Valley throughout the year and reduce the road length of the Manali-Rohtang Pass Sarchu-Leh route to 46 km.
- Besides connecting the people of Lahaul with the rest of India through the tunnel, the tunnel will help the security forces to achieve a major strategic advantage for further connectivity.
- On December 25, 2019, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the government named the strategic tunnel under Rohtang pass as ‘ Atal tunnel ‘. The 8.8-km-long tunnel is the longest in the world at an altitude of 3,000 meters.
Bro -Border Roads Organization)
- BRO is an organization that builds and maintains roads and bridges in border areas across the country and works for the strategic needs of the armed forces. It was constituted on 7th May 1960.
- Its headquarters is located in Delhi and is under the Ministry of Defence.
3. Drones related to Kovid-19/2018/2018 through Garuda Portal Conditional exemption to government institutions for RPAS operations
The Ministry of Civil Aviation and Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has launched Garuda Portal (https://garud.civilaviation.gov.in) to provide rpas (remotely piloted aircraft systems) /remotely piloted aircraft systems related to Kovid-19. Fast track i.e. rapid conditional exemption can be provided to government agencies for drone operations.
- The portal has been designed, developed, beta-tested, and launched by senior system analyst Vikram Singh of National Informatics Centre (NIC), New Delhi, working from home alone.
- It may be known that the rules and laws relating to the operation of Remote Piloted Aircraft (RPA) fall under Rule 15A of the Aircraft Rules 1937 and Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) section 3 series 10 part 1 issued by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on 27.8.2018.
- These conditional exemptions will be limited to RPA deployed by a government body for aerial surveillance, aerial photography, and public announcements related to Kovid-19. For other RPA activities, even if they are related to The Covid-19 operations, separate permission from the Ministry of Civil Aviation and DGCA will have to be sought as per the normal procedure.
- Further, these conditional exemptions will be limited to battery-powered rotary-wing RPA only. The use of any other type of RPA, including but not limited to fixed-wing RPA and autonomous RPA, etc., is completely prohibited.
4. The shooting of Tom Cruise’s next film may be in space
Hogwood actor Tom Cruise is going to write a new record because the next film may be in shooting space. Tom Cruise and Elon Musk’s company Space X have joined hands with NASA to carry out it and NASA has confirmed it.
- If Tom Cruise succeeds in doing so, it will be the first film to go out of the Earth and shoot. It will also be an action film. However, it has been made clear that the mission is not part of the impossible.
- No studio is connected with it yet. The report is still in very early stages. That is why who else than Tom can be part of the film or how far can the budget to make this film go? All these questions are just questions.
- This is not the first time Tom Cruise is doing a perplexing job. Even before that, Tom has done many action scenes in the film series Mission Impossible, which he has looted a lot of accolades. Whether it is the Burj Khalifa action scene of the ‘ Mission Impossible-Ghost Protocol ‘ released in 2011 or an airplane action scene of the ‘ Mission Impossible-Disease Nation ‘.
5. Indian-American Manisha Singh nominated for envoy post in OECD
US President Donald Trump has nominated Indian-origin American citizen Manisha Singh for his envoy post to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
- Singh will represent the US in the OECD. His rank will be equal to the ambassador. Trump had expressed his willingness to nominate Singh for the post on April 27.
- According to the nomination sent by the White House to the Senate, Singh is now assistant secretary of economic and business affairs in the Ministry of External Affairs.
- Singh has also served as an executive under Secretary, Economic Development, Energy and Environment in the Ministry of External Affairs and Executive Secretary, Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
- The Paris-based OECD is an intergovernmental economic organization promoting economic progress and world trade. 36 countries are its members. Most OECD members are high-income group economies, whose human development indices (HDI) are very high, and are regarded as developed countries.
- The headquarters of the OECD is in the Paris city of France. The OECD is funded by contributions from member countries.
6. British PM Boris Johnson launches virtual global conference on Kovid-19 epidemic
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has launched a virtual global conference on the Kovid-19 epidemic. He appealed to all countries to intensify efforts to combat the Novell Coronavirus and work together.
- Britain held this international conference with eight other countries. These eight countries are Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Saudi Arabia, and the European Commission.
- During the conference, Johnson has committed 388 million pounds for research in the field of vaccine, investigation, and treatment of Kovid-19.
- It is known that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is returning to work defeating the Coronavirus.
Britain and Kovid -19
- Like other European countries, the death toll from its infection in Britain, which is severely battling the global pandemic Coronavirus (Kovid-19), has exceeded Italy. The death toll from corona in the country has reached 29427.
- British Foreign Minister Dominic Rab said on May 05 that during the last 24 hours, 693 people have died in Britain from Kovid-19, bringing the death toll to 29427. The figures of the deceased also include deaths at places other than hospitals. So far 194990 people in the UK are infected with corona.
7. 70% special corona fee on retail prices of liquor in the national capital
The Delhi government has imposed a special corona fee of 70 percent on retail prices of liquor in the national capital. The new prices have come into effect from 5th May. This decision will increase the revenue generation of the Delhi government which has been badly affected due to the Kovid-19 lockdown.
- It is believed that the Delhi government has taken this decision keeping in view both the neglect of social distance and revenue during liquor procurement. The Delhi government has named the tax on liquor as a special corona fee.
- Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has taken this decision because of the crowds outside the liquor shops during a slight concession in the lockdown. The government hopes that increasing the price of liquor will reduce the long queues outside the liquor shops in Delhi. The government will also get additional revenue during the Corona crisis.
- The Delhi government has also increased the value-added tax-VAT on vehicle fuel. Vat on petrol has been given from 27 percent to 30 percent and diesel from 16.75 percent to 30 percent. With this, the petrol price has gone up by one rupee 67 paise and diesel by 7 rupees 10 paise in the national capital.
8. Scientists to culture novel coronavirus in epithelial cell of human lungs
The Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad has agreed with Bengaluru’s company ISTEM Research Pvt. Ltd. to undertake Kovid-19 research activities.
- Through this research partnership, efforts will be made to develop novel coronavirus in human cells which will enable in vitro testing of potential drugs and vaccines against Kovid-19.
- Under this, the research team will use the epithelial cell culture system of the human lungs of the item under its anti-COVID screening (ACS) platform to understand the molecular and pathological characteristics of the novel corona.
- The culture of this virus outside the human host is a technical challenge that needs to be overcome. The cell culture system of istem explains the ACE2 receptor and other genes that are the major determinants of the entry and replication of the virus.
- Using this system, Dr. The Team of CCMB led by Krishnan Harshan will help in forecasting the growth of the virus which will pave the way for strategies to develop screening and vaccine for drugs.
- CCMB is a constituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) which is known for its state-of-the-art research work on cellular and molecular biology.
ISTEM Research Pvt. Ltd.
- ISTEM Research Pvt. Ltd. is a cell therapy startup which is incubated at bengaluru’s Centre for Cellular and Molecular Platforms (C-CMP). C-CAMP is an initiative of department of biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
9. Tarun Bajaj appointed director to RBI’s Central Board of Directors
The central government has appointed Economic Affairs Secretary Tarun Bajaj as director on the Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of India. Bajaj will replace Atanu Chakravarty, who is retiring on April 30. According to the statement, Bajaj’s nomination will be effective from May 5 till further orders.
- “The Central government has nominated Economic Affairs Secretary tarun Bajaj in the Ministry of Finance as director on the Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank,” the Reserve Bank said in a statement. He will replace Atanu Chakraborty. ”
- Bajaj is an IAS officer of 1988 batch. He has been additional secretary in the PMO before being made secretary of Economic Affairs.
- He went to the PMO in 2015. Prior to that, he was joint Secretary of Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Finance and Director and Joint Secretary, Department of Finance Services.
Central Board of Directors
- The functioning of the Reserve Bank is governed by the Central Board of Directors. The Government of India appoints this Board as per the Reserve Bank of India Act. Appointment of Board Members/Members The name is for four years. It consists of government directors, non-government directors and full-time governors and a maximum of four deputy governors.
10. Anti-doping hearing to be held online in lockdown: NADA Director General
National Anti Doping Agency (NADA) Executive Director General Naveen Agarwal said that despite several logistical challenges, the institution will start conducting disciplinary hearings online so that cases are not assembled due to countrywide lockdown.
- Both the Anti Doping Disciplinary Panel (ADDP) and the Anti Doping Appellate Panel (APAP) will hear the pending cases. Now, nada is not being heard due to lockdown to prevent the Kovid-19 epidemic.
National Doping Roghi Agency (NADA)
- The National Anti Doping Agency [एनएडीए]was set up by the Government of India with the objective of acting as an independent organization of India for the philosophy of drug free sports. It advocates planning, coordinating, implementing, monitoring of control improvement, which was established in 2005.
- The national anti-doping agency has been mandated for dope-free sports in India with the primary objective of enforcing anti-doping rules in accordance with the WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) Code, regulating the dope control programme, promoting education and research and creating awareness about doping and its ill effects.
- The National Anti Doping Agency chairman is Kiran Rijiju and Secretary Ravi Mittal. Its brand ambassador is Sunil Shetty.